As much as 15% of couples are not able to conceive a child even after frequent unprotected sexual intercourse. From this 15%, about one-third of the couples’ experience can’t give birth due to male infertility.
There are several reasons for male infertility such as low sperm production, abnormal sperm function, or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. Other factors such as illnesses, chronic health diseases, lifestyle choices, etc can also lead to male infertility.
As the inability to conceive can be frustrating for most couples, several treatment options can help with male infertility.
Symptoms of Male Infertility
The most obvious sign for male infertility is the inability to conceive a child. However, sometimes there may be an underlying problem such as a hormonal imbalance, inherited disorder, blockage in the passage of sperm, or dilated veins around the testicle. Some of the symptoms that can be associated with male infertility are:
- Pain or swelling in the testicle area
- Lump in the testicle area
- Sexual function problems like difficulty with ejaculation, reduced sexual desire, a small volume of ejaculated fluid
- Recurring respiratory infections
- Gynecomastia- abnormal breast growth
- Inability to smell
- Lower sperm count
- Signs of chromosomal or hormonal abnormality such as decreased facial and body hair
Causes of Male Infertility
There may be either slight to moderate indications or no signs of infertility in men. Some common causes of male infertility are:
- Erectile dysfunction
- Physical trauma to the testes
- Ejaculation problems
- Varicocele: swelling in the veins that drain the testicle
- Azoospermia: blockage of the ducts in the testicles resulting in no sperm
- Age-related infertility
- Hormonal Imbalances
- Genetic Abnormalities
- Poor Nutrition
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- Using recreational drugs
- Poor Nutrition
- Undescended Testicles
Treatments for Male Infertility
There are several treatment options for male infertility such as:
- IUI: This procedure involves placing the sperm inside a woman’s uterus during ovulation to facility fertilization
- IVF: In this procedure, a woman’s egg and a man’s sperm are combined in a lab dish. The embryos are then placed in the woman’s womb after 3-5 days after egg retrieval and fertilization
- ICSI: A healthy single sperm is injected into the egg to facilitate fertilization during IVF
- Varicocele Surgery: As varicocele is the swelling in the veins that drain the testicle. This surgical procedure redirects the blood flow towards normal veins. Surgery is done on an outpatient basis.
- PESA: This is a simple technique done to obtain sperm for ICSI. This procedure analyses the sperm content and motility
- MESA: This is a microsurgical technique to remove a small sample of epididymal tissue to extract sperm from the tissue
- TESE: This is also known as a testicular biopsy. This involves making a small surgical incision in the testis to remove small samples of testis tissue for processing and extraction of sperm.
Happy Patients Review
My experience with Dr. Tanya can’t be expressed into words, after all, she helped me become a mother. After trying for several years, we were recommended Dr. Tanya by a family friend. She was very supportive and professionalism is the reason I have a 6-month baby girl. Thank you, Dr. Tanya, and her team for everything.
We want to thank Dr. Tanya for everything she has done for my family. My husband and I were trying to have a baby for 10 years, after all, experiments failed, we decided to visit Dr. Tanya. Her positive outlook and experience helped us finally become parents. She is the best IVF specialist in Delhi. Highly recommended.
Our experience with Dr. Tanya has been very good. She and her team were very warm to us and answered all our doubts with complete transparency. She assured my family that I would be able to conceive. Three months ago I gave birth to my son and that was the happiest day of my life. It wouldn’t have been possible with Dr. Tanya. Thank you so much, Doctor.
Is the egg retrieval painful?
During egg retrieval, you will be sedated and given medication so that you don’t’ feel the pain. After the surgery/procedure, you may feel cramps, soreness, or fullness.
Is bleeding expected after egg retrieval?
After egg retrieval, vaginal bleeding/spotting is common. It is similar to bleeding in periods. In case of excess bleed, you should contact the doctor immediately.
How long do I have to stay in the hospital during and after the procedure?
IVF Procedure does not require any hospitalization. It only requires frequent visits from time to time.
How soon can I return to normal life after IVF?
Once the embryo transfer is done, you can resume your normal life. You may experience cramps because there might be a minor swelling in the ovaries. Stick to a mild routine and avoid exertion as it may affect your chances of getting pregnant.